White Dogwood trees are along the old fence rows and also in wooded areas.

White Dogwood,  Cornus florida

 

 

Attributes: This is a good tree for planting near utility lines, next to larger buildings, or near patios. It is also an excellent contrast tree when planted along with Pink or Red Dogwoods with larger evergreen backgrounds. The fruit is well-liked by songbirds.

Description: An excellent landscape choice in all four seasons. Flowers are showy in spring. Leaves turn red-purple in fall. Glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds. Likes partial shade; moist, acid, well-drained soil. Grows to 25', 25' spread.

Wildlife Value: The seed, fruit, flowers, twigs, bark and leaves are all used as food by various animals. At least 36 species of birds, including ruffed grouse, bobwhite quail and wild turkey are known to eat the fruit. Chipmunks, foxes, squirrels, skunks, rabbits, deer, beaver, black bear plus other mammals, also eat the fruit. Foliage and twigs are browsed heavily by deer and rabbits.

History/Lore/Use: Native from Massachusetts to Florida, West to Texas. Cultivated in 1731. A favorite in America for centuries, George Washington planted it at Mt. Vernon as did Thomas Jefferson at Monticello. Early Native Americans made medicinal teas from its bark and desperate Civil War doctors used this tea as a quinine substitute. The wood is extremely hard and has been used for Weaver's shuttles, chisel and maul handles, golf club heads and yokes.

Moisture: Moist, well-drained soil

Leaves: The leaves are opposite, oval or ovate, 3-6" long, and dark green.

Flower Color: White flowers

Bloom Time: April-May.

Fruit Description: This tree has glossy, red fruit eaten by birds when ripened in the fall.

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